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ABBREVIATIONS FOR NURSING STUDENTS06/11/2014 12:04:28

2 times a day

BID

 

3 times a day

t.i.d.

 

4 times a day

QID

 

                                                                     A

 

a drop

gt

 

abnormal

Abn, ABNL

 

absent, absence

abs

 

absolute bed rest

ABR

 

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

AIDS

 

activities of daily living

ADL

 

to be administered

adhib

 

Advanced Practice Registered Nurse

APRN

 

after (post)

post, p

 

after meals (post cibos)

pc

 

after surgery

Post-op

 

alcohol

alc

 

alive and well

A&W

 

Ampoule

amp

 

Appendectomy

AP

 

aqua – water

aq, aqu

 

artery

art

 

artificial

artif

 

as much as desired

qp, qv, qu

 

as needed (pro re nata)

prn

 

as soon as possible

ASAP

 

as tolerated

as tol

 

at bedtime

hd, hs

 

                                                                  B

 

basal metabolic rate

BMR

 

bed rest

BR

 

before

ā

 

before dinner

ap

 

before meals

a.c.

 

before surgery

Pre-op

 

between

bet

 

bilateral

bilat

 

biopsy

Bx, bx

 

blood

Bl, bld

 

blood glucose

BG

 

blood pressure

BP

 

blood sugar

BS

 

blood sugar level

BSL

 

blood urea nitrogen

BUN

 

body mass index

BMI

 

body weight

BW

 

bottle

bot

 

bowel movement

BM

 

breath

br

 

brought in by

BIB

 

buccal

B

 

By mouth (per os)

po

 

                                                                   C

 

capsule

cap

 

Cardiac care  unit

CCU

 

case unknown

CU

 

Casual Blood Sugar

CBS

 

catheter

cath

 

centigrade

cent

 

Centigrade/Celsius

C

 

complains of

C/O, ℅

 

complete blood count

CBC

 

complication

complic

 

compound

compd

 

Compressions-Airway-Breathing                    

CAB

 

 

D

 

date of admission

D/A

 

date of birth

D/B, DOB

 

date of death

DOD

 

date of service

DOS

 

date

D

 

degree

Deg, deg

 

Diabetes Mellitus

DM

 

diagnosis

Dx, diag

 

diarrhea and vomiting

D & V

 

diastolic blood pressure

DBP

 

diet as tolerated

DAT

 

discharge

disch, D/C, DC, dc

 

Doctor’s orders

DO

 

Down’s Syndrome

DS

 

dram

dr

 

dressing

Drsg, dsg

 

drop by drop

guttat

 

drops

gtt

 

drug history

D/H

 

E

 

each eye

OU

 

ear, nose, (and) throat

ENT

 

electrocardiogram

ECG, EKG

 

every 2 hours

q2h

 

every 3 hours

q3h

 

every 4 hours

q4h

 

every 5 hours

q5h

 

every 8 hours

q8h

 

every day

qd

 

every four hours

qqh

 

every hour, each hour

qh

 

every morning

qam, qm

 

every night

qn, qpm

 

every other day

qod

 

every other hour

qoh

 

every other night

qon

 

expire, expiration

expir

 

F

 

face-to-face

En face

 

family

fam

 

family history

F/H, FH, FHx

 

female

Fe

 

fever of unknown origin

FUO

 

fluid

Fl, fld

 

force fluids

ff

 

follow-up

F/U, FU

 

four times a day

qid

 

full term

FT

 

G

 

glucose

glu

 

glucose insulin tolerance test

GITT

 

glucose tolerance test

GT, GTT

 

gram

g, gm

 

gram negative

GN

 

gram positive

GP

 

gram positive cocci

GPC

 

H

 

half

Hf

 

health care worker

HCW

 

high blood pressure

HBP

 

Head of bed

HOB

 

hospital

hosp

 

Home Visit

HV

 

hypodermic injection

hypo

 

hysterectomy

hyst

 

I

 

incision and drainage

I&D

 

Intensive care unit

ICU

 

incompatible

incompat

 

infant

Inf, I

 

infect, infection

infect, infx

 

inflammation

inflam

 

inguinial

ing

 

inhalation

inh, inhal

 

injecting drug user

IDU

 

injection

inject, inj

 

injury

inj

 

intra-amniotic

IA

 

intra-arterial

IA

 

intradermal, intradermally

ID

 

intravenous

IV

 

Intravenous pyelography

IVP

 

L

 

limited

Lmtd

 

live birth

LB

 

live vaccine

LV

 

loss of consciousness

LOC

 

loss of motion

LOM

 

Lost to Follow-up

LTF

 

low birth weight

LBW

 

low blood pressure

LBP

 

low fat diet

LFD

 

M

 

medical history

M/Hx

 

medical nutrition therapy

MNT

 

medical record

MR

 

mixture

mixt

 

months old

MO

 

mother

M

 

mother & father

M&F

 

mouth

os

 

Mycobacterium Tuberculosis

MTB

 

Myocardial infarction

MI

 

N

 

nausea and vomiting

N&V

 

nausea, vomiting, diarrhea

NVD

 

newborn

NB

 

no complaints

N/C

 

no evidence of disease

NED

 

no known drug allergies

NKA, NKDA

 

normal

N, n, NL, norm

 

normal record

NR

 

not known

NK

 

not significant

ns

 

not yet diagnosed

NYD

 

nothing by mouth

NPO

 

O

 

observation and examination

O&E

 

once a day

id

 

Oxytocin Challenge Test

OCT

 

P

 

pack per day

ppd

 

past history

PH

 

Postanesthesia room

PAR

 

past medical history

PMH

 

possible

poss

 

prescription

Rx

 

Public Health Nurse

PHN

 

pulse

P

 

pulse and respiration

P & R

 

R

 

rate

R, r

 

rate and rhythm

R&R

 

red blood cells

RBC

 

reflex

refl

 

refuse(s) medical assistance

RMA

 

Registered Therapist

RT

 

regular rate and rhythm

RRR

 

respiratory rate

RR

 

return to clinic

rtc, RTC

 

S

 

sensitivity

sens

 

Shortness of breath

SOB

 

Sexually Transmissible Infection

STI

 

Sexually Transmitted Disease

STD

 

signs and symptoms

S/S

 

standard of care

SOC

 

standard operating procedures

SOP

 

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

SIDS

 

At once, immediately

Stat

 

surgery

surg, Sx

 

symptoms

Sx, symp

 

syndrome

syn

 

syringe

syr

 

T

 

tablet

tab

 

Tachycardia

tachy

 

TB skin test

TST

 

temperature

T

 

temperature, Pulse, Respiration

TPR

 

the same

id

 

three times a day

tid

 

three times a night

tin

 

three times a week

tiwk

 

to be taken 3x a day

tds

 

Transient Ischemic Attack

TIA

 

Tubercle Bacillus

TB

 

twice

b

 

twice a day

bd, bid

 

twice a week

bi-wk

 

U

 

ultrasound

U/S, US

 

ultraviolet germicidal irradiation

UVGI

 

up to date

UTD

 

urinary output

UOP

 

V

 

venipuncture

VP

 

Vital signs

VS

 

   

 

W

 

well nourished

WN, w/n

 

Western blot

WB

 

white blood cells, white blood count

WBC

 

Wheel chair

W/C